Similar to the other impoverished neighborhoods of Port-au-Prince, the settling of Grand Ravine developed informally without any governmental oversight. The area is the result of the intense rural exodus experienced over the past 30 years. Due to a lack of financial resources, families began squatting on private and public lands in the hills of Martissant, installing themselves by constructing structurally inadequate housing on precariously steep slopes. There was little to no thought given to community and urban infrastructure requirements such as sanitation, access to water, accessibility, recreation, waste management, schools and health facilities. The arrival of cholera in Haiti further complicates the situation of the population as rainy seasons are habitually followed by a cholera outbreak.
This program is a proposed collaboration between the local community, the community platform, Concern Worldwide (Concern), Catholic Relief Services (CRS) and Architecture for Humanity (AFH). This proposal is in response to the tender submitted from the European Union: "Support Programme reconstruction and development of areas of Grande Ravine."
As part of Concern’s mission to build back stronger and safer communities in Martissant, Architecture for Humanity proposes to develop a Community Action Plan based on the Integrated Neighborhood Approach. Architecture for Humanity will accompany the population of Grand Ravine in the preparation of a development plan, which will serve as a framework for future development and provide recommendations for improving the urban environment. Our proposal adds to the work already done in the area by Concern to support the objectives of improving the living conditions and access to basic services.
The Integrated Neighborhood Approach builds on the existing urban fabric and community’s ability to organize themselves towards a common goal. It recognizes that the city and neighborhoods change every day and that urban development is a process dependent on numerous social, political, economic, environmental variables.