Register or Log in  
Welcome, guest: please register or log in to your account!About Projects Competitions People RSS

Reaction Housing System: The Exo

Building Occupancy / Site Capacity: 

Project Name: Reaction Housing: The Exo

Project Type:

Project Mission/Goal:
This project addresses the need for immediate housing in a time of crisis

Project Description:
What is the Reaction System?

The Reaction Housing System is a rapid response, emergency housing system that flexible enough to meet any housing challenge. It is a kit of parts that primarily consists of housing units called Exos, accessories, and supporting infrastructure. The Reaction system can scale its response on demand from a single family’s needs to the needs of an entire region whose population has been displaced on demand. It offers an unparalleled, rapid response housing solution whether it is responding to the aftermath of an earthquake, wildfire, hurricane or manmade event.

The Exo

The Exos are base housing units that make up the foundation of the Reaction housing system. They provide private living and sleeping quarters for a family of four within a climate-controlled environment. An Exo is durable enough to be stored on a long-term basis and flat packs for efficient storage and transportation. Electrical power is delivered via a special connector line that powers each unit's lighting and four wall outlets. The Exo's design allows for numerous configurations to meet any need or deployment condition.


From a centrally located storage facility, the Reaction system can easily be loaded, then transported to a deployment site in an extremely rapid time frame. Several deployment sites potentially housing tens, if not hundreds of thousands of people, could be set up in under twenty-four hours, depending mainly on distance from storage facilities to deployment location. The Exos are designed so they can be transported over any federal interstate highway without a wide load designation in most states. Since the units flat pack, they can also be moved in mass via rail, ships, or even cargo aircraft.

Setting up an Exo

There’s virtually no assembly required with the Reaction Housing System. An Exo shelter unit is transported in two pieces – a base (floor) and an upper shell (walls and roof). At a deployment site, the bases are unloaded first and placed where the completed Exos are to be located. Workers then lower the upper shells down onto the bases until they lock into place. Inside, beds are lowered from their secured positions in the walls completing assembly. A small team of 4 people can easily move and assemble a single Exo shelter unit in well under two minutes with no tools or machinery needed. Now imagine how quickly things would go with heavy machinery and power tools.

Mass Deployment Sites

The Reaction Housing System can be activated to house hundreds of thousands of people through large deployment sites. These sites contain thousands of Exo shelter units and are organized into zones, which act as city boroughs or neighborhoods for the sites. These zones are made up of small clusters of Exo shelters called pods. A pod may contain anywhere from four to eight individual Exo shelter units arranged into a semi-circular fashion. This configuration creates a common area in the center of the pod that acts as a semi private setting for gatherings. Each pod may also contain a special Exo version that acts as a communal shower dependent on deployment type.

Individual Deployments

The Reaction system can be configured in an almost unlimited number of variations to meet any type of need. When a region's population can remain at their home sites following a disaster, or efforts shift into recovery operations, the Reaction system can be reconfigured into an individual deployment unit located at each family's home site. Exo shelter units can be interlocked together to form larger living spaces, meaning each Exo acts as one room connected directly to another. This provides a custom housing solution that can contain bedrooms, living rooms, bathrooms, and even light kitchens all configured out of the same kit of parts.


Reaction components are stored in centralized warehouse type facilities that serve as distribution centers for supplies during and after a disaster. These facilities are ideally located near major thoroughfares, transit centers, or military bases to provide immediate access. The system components can be rapidly transported from these storage facilities to deployment sites located anywhere in the world over a wide array of transportation options. Depending on the size of Reaction inventory and demand, one distribution center could respond to multiple events at any one time. A complete Reaction system could be scaled to meet metropolitan, regional or even national needs.

Links and Captions:


Project Details:
Location: various
Concept/Lead Architect(s)/Designer(s): Frog Design
Project Architect(s):
Year (s): xx to xx
User Client:
Number of beneficiaries/users:
Project Phase:
Major Funding:
Cost/Cost per unit:
Area (if applicable):
Structural Engineers:
Electrical/Mechanical Engineers:
Additional Consultants:

Nominated by Cameron Sinclair


175 Manchester Lane
Austin, Texas 78737
United States

Competition Category Entered

Competition Details

The competition entry ID for this project is 6252.

Project Details

NAME: Reaction Housing System: The Exo
PROJECT LEAD: Michael McDaniel
LOCATION: 175 Manchester Lane, Austin, Texas 78737, United States
START DATE: August 26, 2005
CURRENT PHASE: Design development
COST: $4800 USD (Estimated)
SIZE: 80 sq. ft
PROJECT TYPE: Emergency Shelter
MANUFACTURING: GS Industries of Bassett
ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT: Each Exo unit is reusable so it can be deployed over and over again. The Exo is constructed out of recyclable materials. It carries an R-21 insulation value.


© All Rights Reserved. This work is the copyright of the author.